реферат з англійської


Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine

Lviv National University named after Ivan Franko

Faculty of Philology

Department of Correction and Primary Education

Summary on the topic:

«Present and future of my city and the university»

Prepared student FLSH 13:

Demchyna N. I.

Checked teacher:

Nos L. S.

Сontent

L’viv city

Lviv National University named after Ivan Franko

•Foundation

•Lviv Ivan Franko University

•The University today

L’viv city

Lviv is a regional centre in Ukraine, one of its largest, oldest, and most beautiful cities. This administrative centre of the western region of Ukraine is situated in the picturesque foothills of the Carpathian Mountains that form a natural division between the Bug and the Dniester Rivers. The old part of the city was founded at the High Castle in the middle of the 13th century (1256). Lviv is an ancient town. We find the earliest records of its existence in the Galitsk-Volynsky chronicle of 1256. It was founded by Danilo Galytsky, an outstanding figure of ancient Rus. Danilo Galitsky, built the castle-fortress and named the city after his son Leo. Danilo Galitskiy struggled with the Rus enemies. His name stands as high as the names of Yaroslav Mudriy, Volodimir Monomah, and Olex-andr Nevskiy. He did his best to unite The Kiyiv Rus in the struggle with Mongolian and Tatar tribes. He showed the whole world the possibility of successful struggle against oppressors. The city played a great role in defending the western borders.

For more than five centuries the Western Ukrainian region including ancient Lviv, remained under Polish and Austro-Hun-garian rule. Thanks to its favorable position on one of the busiest trade routes connecting the Baltic and the Black Seas, Lviv soon became an important commercial centre, a tempting prize for foreign invaders. In its long history it has survived forty fires and thirty wars. In 1648 the troops of B. Khmelnitsky who led the liberation movement of Ukrainian people, together with Maxim Krivonis, liberated the city. The Polish nobility was unable to destroy the national culture of the Ukrainian people and a lot of the people remained true to their native language. Lviv is a city of longstanding cultural traditions. Many famous writers, artists and public, and political figures such as M. Shash-kevich, I. Franko, S. Tudor lived and worked there at different times. Lviv has now become a big industrial, scientific and cultural centre of Ukraine. Goods bearing the trademark of Lviv enterprises are well known in many countries of the world. Very popular are the local television sets, automatic loaders, agricultural machines and buses. Lviv is still proud of its skillful brewers, confectioners, and glass blowers.

Nowadays Lviv is a great intellectual centre in the western part of Ukraine. There are many institutes, the university, about 40 research and design institutes, 11 higher educational institutes, and 26 secondary and special education establishments. Lviv is also a cultural centre. There are many theatres, cinemas, and museums there. Tourists from many countries come to our city to go sightseeing. Among the sights are High Castle, Rynok Square, Boims Chapel, many cathedrals, and the monument to Mitskevich. Lviv’s museums are real treasure. One can find much of interest in the local Historical Museum, dedicated to the struggle of the Ukrainian people for social liberation and national independence, and in the Ivan Franko Memorial Literary Museum, which famil-iariges visitors with the life and activities of this writer. Lviv’s Art Gallery is one of the best in the country. It contains masterpieces by Rubens, Titian, and Goya, as well as works by Ukrainian and Russian artists. Lviv has many beautiful parks and gardens. Stryisky park is one of the best, not only in Lviv, but in Europe, as well. The old centre of the city, Rynok (Market) Square, boasts many buildings from the 16th to the 18th centuries. Outstanding among them are the 16th century black shale building. Chorna Kamyanytsya, a 16th century Renaissance palace, and the town hall. The St. Nicolas Church built in 1292 and the Armenian Cathedral, the oldest part of which built of stone in 1363 — 1370, are particularly interesting, as well. A lot of names of Ukrainian towns and cities are connected with the names of their national heroes such as Ivan Sirko, Olexa Dovbush, and Ustym Karmaliuk. The Ukrainian people remember their heroes. There are a lot of songs and legends about them, and they appear in the novels of Shevchenko, Marko Vovchok, and Panas Mirny.

Even now in the areas in and around Khortitsa, Kiyiv, Lviv and the towns of the Carpathian Mountains there remain the traces of unforgettable pages of Ukrainian history. A lot of tourists visit these places and admire the beauty of the cities and landscapes, and learn about the history of their native land.

Lviv National University named after Ivan Franko

Lviv National Ivan Franko University (1918-1939 University of Jan Kazimierz) — one of the oldest in Eastern Europe and Ukraine University. One of the most prestigious universities in Ukraine. Lviv Academy of Law at the University was established in 1661. In 1773, the Jesuit order prohibited the University is closed. Restored in 1784, called the Emperor Joseph University. In 1805-1817 — Lyceum. In 1817 as the University recovered Franz I.



Foundation

According to articles Hadiach Agreement ( 1658) between Ukraine and the Commonwealth , the Polish government promised in the future to open in Ukraine , two high schools , the academy , one in Kiev and the other where there is an appropriate place for it . Academy promised same rights university used by the University of Krakow . Influential circles of the Commonwealth is not excluded and that the pressure of certain political circumstances in Ukraine could be formed their own national universities. Then the Jesuit Order in defending Catholicism in Ukraine pinned great hopes on his cell in Lviv. Jesuits appeared in Lviv in the late XVI century. , And in 1608 opened here their high school — college . By the middle of XVII century. This board declined , but still was saved from destruction by the Jesuits as enjoyed the care and support of the Polish magnates.

The Jesuits understood the possibility of establishing sister school from Lviv University, we’re always demanded the transformation of the College of the Academy. After repeated requests King John II Casimir January 20, 1661 signed a diploma , which gave the Jesuit college in Lviv » dignity academy and university title » to the right then put all university disciplines and scientific degrees of bachelor, licentiate , master’s and doctorate. However, immediately after signing the diploma creation Academy met with strong opposition Krakow University and some influential officials, who supported him . Despite the obstacles , the Lviv University study conducted along the lines of other European academies. Later, the Polish King Augustus Frederick III in 1758 approved a diploma dated 20 January 1661, issued Jan II Kazimierz .

From its founding in 1773 to the University of Lviv was completely under the control of the Jesuit order and was subject to General of the Jesuits in Rome. At the head was the rector of the university . The room was near the University of Krakow Street in the city center. Institution building and buying new premises , had his library , the largest in Ukraine printing.

Lviv Ivan Franko University

In the 70s of the XIX century. department of philosophy at the University of Lviv Ivan Franko studied — Ukrainian world famous thinker , writer, scholar , translator, psychologist , political and social activist , one of the geniuses of Ukraine , which entered the history of culture as » titanium labor.» In 1894 , after the death Omelian Ohonovskoho — then leader of the Department of Literature Ruthenian Lviv University — John Franco tried to occupy this vacant place , but then the governor of Galicia , Count Kazimierz Baden did everything to prevent the university writer who called on the Ukrainian people to social and national liberation.

Decree of 8 January 1940 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR gave the name of the State University Ivan Franko. Today it is one of the primary schools Franko in Ukraine .

The University today

In the 1997/1998 academic year for full-time students numbered 11,649 students, including 2,980 with complete compensation of expenses for training at the extramural study of 3680 students, including 2543 students payers. A full course lasts 5 years. The University has 135 chairs. The main form of academic training is a postgraduate program in 1997/1998 academic year preparing specialists in 89 specialties Arts and profiles in graduate school full-time students numbered 505 people , part-time — 206 people.

It has a geographical and geological departments. Other trains students in a variety of professional fields Profile: geological survey , prospecting and exploration of minerals, geochemistry, mineralogy and petrology , environmental geology.

From the 1998/1999 school year started training in specialties Bachelor «Geology «, » Geochemistry and Mineralogy «, «Ecology and Environment» . Since 2002/2003 , with these majors started training masters. Since 2001/2002 , in the College of Natural University started training young professionals in the specialty » Applied Ecology » for specialty «Ecology and related geological environments .»

In October 1999, Lviv National Ivan Franko University received national status.

References:

http://www.litrasoch.ru/tvir-lviv-lviv/

http://www.litrasoch.ru/lviv-lviv/2/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lviv_University

http://kameniar.lviv.ua/istoriya-lnu-imeni-ivana-franka/




Предыдущий:

Следующий: